which region?

The site covers all Europe, i.e. including European Russia and the Ukraine, the Mediterranean Islands, the Greek Islands and Cyprus. North Africa, the Levant, and Turkey are not within its scope. The area that is covered thus coincides with that treated by the Fauna Europaea (but is somewhat larger than that of the Flora Europaea, where the Macaronesian Islands are excluded), The Fauna Europaea is incorporates PESI, “the Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure”.

which insect species?

All plant parasites whose activities induce a more or less specific, externally recognisable, reaction, or characteristic damage pattern; and also related species, which may be expected to cause similar reactions or damage, even occasionally, like under high densities. Apart from a few conspicuous mushroom galls, the scope of the site are parasites of seed plants, Spermatophyta.

This website has evolved from a site decitated to leafminers. The word “leafminer” then had to be taken literally. Species of which the larvae bore in the stem, or even mine the rind of the stem without entering a leaf, are not included. Also Coleophora‘s specialised in feeding on fruits and seeds were not taken into account.

which plant species?

All plant genera on which mines have been observed within the geographical scope are inlcuded as much as possible. Ornamental and crop plants, and even plants in botanical gardens are not escluded En exception is made for plants growing in greenhouses, commercial or recreational Observations done outside the geographical scope are disregarded, even when they concern parasite species or plant genera that do occur within that scope.


The nomenclature of animals follows the Fauna Europaea, nomenclature of fungi as far as possible the Index Fungorum. For plants the source is the Euro+Med PlantBase; however, this is not yet completely finished; when necessary the Plant List is used.

Synonyms are mentioned only is far as they play a role in the cited references .

mod 18.viii.2017