Placochela nigripes (Löw, 1877)

Diptera, Cecidomyiidae

op Ligustrum, Sambucus

on Ligustrum, Sambucus

Ligustrum vulgare, Meijendel

Placochela nigripes: galls on Ligustrum vulgare

Ligustrum vulgare, Meijendel

Sambucus nigra, Castricum

Placochela nigripes galls on Sambucus nigra

Sambucus nigra, Castricum

Sambucus nigra, België, prov. Namen, Eprave; © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Placochela nigripes gall

Sambucus nigra, Belgium, prov. Namur, Eprave; © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Sambucus nigra, België, prov. Namen, Viroinval; © Stéphane Claerebout

Placochela nigripes: opened gall on Sambucus nigra

Sambucus nigra, Belgium, prov. Namur, Viroinval; © Stéphane Claerebout

de larve is oranje en niet tot springen in staat

Placochela nigripes: larva

the larva is orange and unable to jump

gal: Univoltien; overwintering in de grond.

gall: Univoltine; hibernation in the ground.

waardplanten: Adoxaceae, Oleaceae, nauw polyfaag

hostplants: Adoxaceae, Oleaceae, narrowly polyphagous

Ligustrum vulgare; Sambucus ebulus, nigra.

De vermelding van Lonicera xylosteum door Béguinot (2000b) moet een vergissing zijn.

The reference to Lonicera xylosteum by Béguinot (2000b) must be a mistake.

synoniemen: Placochela ligustri (Rübsaamen, 1899). Deze synonymie, die gebaseerd is op onderzoek door Tokuda ea (2005a), is niet onomstreden: Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a) beschouwen ligustri weer als een geldige soort, levend opliguster.

synonyms: Placochela ligustri (Rübsaamen, 1899). This synonymy, that is based on the study by Tokuda ao (2005a) is not without contraction: Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a) again take ligustri as a valid species, living on privet.

opmerkingen: Gele larven in vlierbloemen, die wél kunnen springen zijn van een andere gal-veroorzaker: Contarinia sambuci

notes: Yellow larvae in Alder flowers that do jump are of another gall-causer: Contarinia sambuci.

literatuur

references

Barnes (1948b), Béguinot (2000b), Bellmann (2012a), Bruun (2015a), Bruun, Jørgensen & Skuhravá (2012a), Buhr (1964b), Chinery (2011a), Coulianos & Holmåsen (1991a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Flügel (2016a), Gagné (2010a), Gagné & Jaschhof (2014a), Koops (2013a), Lambinon Schneider & Feitz (2012a), Lehmann & Hannover (2016a), Máca (2012a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Roskam & Carbonelle (2015a), Schneider (2016a), Simova-Tošić (2008a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1996a, 2000a, 2004a, 2007a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Postolovski (2007a), Skrzypczyńska (2007a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1988a, 1994a,b, 1997a, 1999a,b, 2002a, 2005b,c, 2006a, 2007a, 2009a,b, 2010a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Buhr (2013a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dončev & Dimitrova (1991a, 1992a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Hellrigl (2001a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Tokuda, Harris & Yukawa (2005a), Tomasi (2012a, 2014a).

25/11/2016