Puccinia striiformis Westendorp, 1854

Fungi, Basidiomycota. Pucciniomycetes, Pucciniales, Pucciniaceae

op Berberis

on Berberis

Berberis chinensis: aecia © Jin, Szabo & Carson (2010a)

Puccinia striiformis: aecia on Berberis chinensis

Berberis chinensis: aecia © Jin, Szabo & Carson (2010a)

spermogonia, aecia: Berberidaceae, monofaag

spermogonia, aecia: Berberidaceae, monophagous

Berberis chinensis, holstii, koreana, vulgaris.


op grassen

on grasses

gal: Uredinia en telia opvallende lange strepen voormend, op chlorotich bladweefsel. Uredinia citroengeel, beiderzijdig, langs de randen soms met dunwandige paraphysen. Urediniosporen met ± 10-14 kiemporen. Telia vooral op de bladscheden en halm, zwartbruin, lang bedekt door de epidermis, gecomparimenteerd door dikwandige bruine paraphysen; teliosporen twee-cellig, donkerbruin, op een korte gele steel.

gall: Uredinia and telia forming long conspicupus stripes on chlorotic leaf tissue. Uredinia lemon yellow, amphigenous, sometimes with thin-walled paraphyses along the margin. Urediniospores with ± 10-14 germintion pores. Telia mainly on leaf sheaths and culm, blackish brown, long covered by the epidermis, compartimentalised by thick-walled brown paraphyses; teliospores two-celled, dark brown, on a short yellow pedicel.

uredinia, telia: Poaceae, breed oligofaag

uredinia, telia: Poaceae, broadly oligophagous

Aegilops crassa, cylindrica, kotschyi, neglecta, peregrina, triuncialis; Agropyron cristatum, desertorum; Aira caryophyllea; Anisantha madritensis, sterilis, tectorum; Anthoxanthum ovatum; Arrhenatherum elatius; Avena sativa; Brachypodium pinnatum, sylvaticum; Briza media; Bromopsis erecta; Bromus arvensis, hordeaceus, intermedius, lanceolatus, marginatus, racemosus, secalinus; Calamagrostis epigeios; Castellia tuberculosa; Catabrosa aquatica; Dactylis glomerata; Ceratochloa carinata; Dasypyrum villosum; Digitaria sanguinalis; Elymus caninus, dahuricus, repens; Elytrigia elongata, intermedia, juncea; Eremopyrum triticeum; Gaudinia fragilis; Glyceria; Holcus lanatus, mollis; Hordelymus europaeus; Hordeum bulbosum, vulgare subsp. distichon; Lagurus ovatus; Lamarckia aurea; Leymus arenarius; Lolium multiflorum, perenne, temulentum; Phalaroides arundinacea; Schedonorus giganteus, pratensis; Sclerochloa dura; Secale cereale; Triticum aestivum; Vulpia bromoides, geniculata, myuros.

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Zeer zelden ook Alopecurus pratensis. Misschien ook op Ammophila arenaria (Klenke & Scholler).

Very rarely also Alopecurus pratensis. Perhaps also on Ammophila arenaria (Klenke & Scholler).

synoniemen: Puccinia glumarum Eriksson & Henning, 1894 nec Schmidt, 1817.

synonyms: Puccinia glumarum Eriksson & Henning, 1894 nec Schmidt, 181.

opmerkingen: De soort was uit en tena bekend en berucht van grassen, maar pas in 2010 werd ontdekt dat hij alterneert met Berberis (Jin, Szabo & Carson, 2010a).

Abbasi ea (2004a) hebben voorgesteld de soort op te delen in drie: striiformis s. str. op grassen van de onderfamilie Triticeae, P. striiformoides Abbasi, Hedjaroude & Scholler 2004 op Dactylis en P. pseudostriiformiis Abbasi, Hedjaroude & Scholler 2004 op Poa. Dit geeft echter geen uitsluitsel over al die andere gras-genera waavan striiofrmis, al dan niet terecht, in vermeld.

notes: The species was amply known and feared on grasses, but only in 2010 it was discovered that the species alternates with Berberis (Jin, Szabo & Carson, 2010a).

Abbasi ao (2004a) have proposed to split the species in three: striiformis s. str. on grasses of the subfamily Triticeae, P. striiformoides Abbasi, Hedjaroude & Scholler 2004 on Dactylis and P. pseudostriiformiis Abbasi, Hedjaroude & Scholler 2004 on Poa. However, this approach does not include a suggestion how to deal with the many other grass genera that have, correctly or not, been associated with striiformis.

literatuur:

references:

Abbasi, Hedjaroude, Scholler & Goodwin (2004a), Baka, Alwadie & Mostafa (2004a), Baka & Rabei (2013a), Brandenburger (1985a), Doppelbaur & Doppelbaur (1968a, 1973a), Dupias (1952a), Ellis & Ellis (1997a), Gäumann (1959a), Gjaerum (1987a), González Fragoso (1924a), Henderson (2000a, 2004a), Jin, Szabo & Carson (2010a), Klenke & Scholler (2015a), Kyiashchenko (2011a), Liu & Hamilton (2013a), Losa España (1942a), Losa Quintana (1972b), Melgarejo Nárdiz, García-Jiménez, Jordá Gutiérrez ao (2010a), Poelt & Zwetko (1997a), Termorshuizen & Swertz (2011a), Unamuno (1941a, 1942a), Vanderweyen & Fraiture (2011a), Wilson & Henderson (1966a), Woods, Stringer, Evans & Chater (2015a).

29/04/2017