Synchytrium aureum Schröter, 1870

Chytridiomycota, Synchytriaceae

polyfaag

polyphagous

gal: talrijke, onderzijdige, transparant-gele, minder dan een halve mm grote, harde meercellige wratjes, meestal in groepen, op de vlak boven de grond gelegen bladen, meestal onderzijdig. De inhoud is goudgeel. Elk galletje bestaat uit een sterk vergrote centrale cel, die een enkel rustend sporangium bevat, omgeven door een aantal minder vergrote cellen daaromheen.

gall: numerous, hypophyllous, hyaline yellow, less than 0.5 mm large, hard multicellular warts, usually in groups, on the leaves just above the ground, usually hypophyllous. The content is golden yellow. Each gall consists of a strongly enlarged central cell that contains a single resting sporangium, surrounded by a number of less strongly enlarged cells.

waardplanten: polyfaag op kruiden

hostplants: polyphagous on herbs

Achillea ptarmica; Aegopodium podagraria; Agrimonia eupatoria, repens; Ajuga reptans; Ammi majus; Angelica sylvestris; Anthriscus sylvestris; Anthyllis vulneraria; Apium nodiflorum; Arctium lappa, minus; ? Asperula tinctoria; Atriplex calotheca; Bellidiastrum (= Aster) michelii; Bellis perennis; Betula nana, pubescens, verrucosa; Bidens tripartitus; Brassica; Caltha palustris; Capsella; Cardamine amara, pratensis; Carum carvi; Centaurea jacea; Cerastium fontanum subsp. vulgare; Chenopodium album, polyspermum, rubrum; Cirsium helenioides, heterophyllum, oleraceum; Clinopodium vulgare; Cornus sanguinea; Crepis alpestris, biennis; Dianthus graniticus; Daucus carota; Epilobium davuricum, hirsutum, montanum, palustre, roseum, tetragonum; Erigeron canadensis; Euphrasia officinalis, stricta; Fallopia dumetorum; Filipendula ulmaria, vulgaris; Frangula alnus; Fraxinus excelsior; Galeopsis tetrahit; Galium anisophyllon, boreale, palustre, saxatile; Genista tinctoria; Gentiana aquatica; Gentianella campestris; Geum urbanum, rivale; Glechoma hederacea; Hedera helix; Helianthemum ledifolium; Heracleum sphondylium; Hippocrepis comosa; Humulus lupulus; Hydrocotyle vulgaris; Hypericum perforatum; Lamium album; Leontodon hispidus & subsp. hastilis; Leucanthemum vulgare; Linaria vulgaris; Lotus corniculatus; Lysimachia nummularia, thyrsiflora, vulgaris; Medicago lupulina; Mentha aquatica, longifolia; Moehringia trinervia; Mycelis muralis; Myosotis collina, palustris, ramosissima, scorpioides; Myosoton aquaticum; Odontites vulgaris; Oenanthe aquatica; Oxalis stricta; Parnassia palustris; Pastinaca sativa; Pedicularis palustris, sceptrum-carolinum, sylvatica; Persicaria bistorta, lapathifolia, vivipara; Petasites frigidus; Pilosella officinarum; Pimpinella major, saxifraga; Plantago alpina, arenaria, lanceolata, major, psyllium; Polygala vulgaris; Populus alba; Potentilla reptans; Primula elatior, veris; Prunella grandiflora, vulgaris; Prunus spinosa; Ranunculus acris; Raphanus; Rhamnus frangula; Rorippa; Rubus caesius; Salix caprea, purpurea; Salvia pratensis, x sylvestris; Sanguisorba minor, officinalis; Scorzoneroides autumnalis; Scrophularia nodosa, umbrosa; Selinum dubium; Silene flos-cuculi; Sanguisorba minor, officinalis; Sanicula europaea; Scrophularia nodosa, umbrosa; Scutellaria galericulata; Selinum dubium; Senecio vulgaris; Serratula tinctoria; Silaum silaus; Silene flos-cuculi; Solanum dulcamara; Solidago virgaurea; Stachys officinalis; Thalictrum alpinum, flavum, lucidum, simplex, squarrosum; Thymus pulegioides & subsp. chamaedrys, serpyllum; Trifolium dubium, pratense, repens, subterraneum, thalii; Tussilago farfara; Ulmus minor; Urtica dioica, urens; Valeriana dioica, montana, officinalis; Vicia cracca; Viola calcarata, canina, hirta, reichenbachiana, tricolor; Willemetia stipitata.

opmerkingen: vrijwel alleen op kruiden; wanneer de schimmel toch optreedt bij houtige gewassen betrft dit zaailingen of op de grond liggende bladen van lage takken.

notes: almost exclcusively on herbs; when the fngus does occur on woody plants it considers seedlings or leaves on the ground of low branches.

literatuur:

references:

Brandenburger (1985a), Buhr (1964b, 1965a), Jage, Scholler & Klenke (2010a), Karling (1964a), Klenke & Scholler (2015a), Negrean (1996a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Tomasi (2014a).

20/10/2016