Ustilago striiformis (Westendorp) von Niessl, 1876

Fungi, Basidiomycota, Ustilaginomycetes, Ustilaginales

op grassen

on grasses

Holcus mollis, België, prov. Antwerpen, Balen, Griesbroek © Carina Van Steenwinkel

Ustilago striiformis on Holcus mollis

Holcus mollis, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Balen, Griesbroek © Carina Van Steenwinkel

striemen op de bovenzijde van het blad ...

Ustilago striiformis on Holcus mollis

stripes on the upper side of the leaf ...

... en op de onderzijde

Ustilago striiformis on Holcus mollis

and on de underside

sporen 10-12 µm

Ustilago striiformis: spores

spores 10-12 µm

Phalaris arundinacea, België, prov. Luxemburg, Martué, Petit Pilon © Jean-Yves Baugnée. Determinatie cf, het verschil met U. echinata is alleen aan de sporen te zien.

Ustilago cf striiformis on Phalaris arundinacea

Phalaris arundinacea, Belgium, prov. Luxembourg, Martué, Petit Pilon © Jean-Yves Baugnée. Identification provisional, the difference with U. echinata is only visible in the spores.

gal Bruine verdikte striemen lopen over het blad; later verweren ze, waardoor het blad in repen uiteenvalt. Sporen donkerbruin, 8-12 x 9-15 µm, rond-ovaal, de wand is dicht bezet met korte stompe wratjes.

gall Brown parallel striae run over the leaves; they later desintegrate, splitting the leaf into ribbons. Spores dark brown, 8-12 x 9-15 µm, roundish-oval, the wall densely covered with short blunt tubercles.

waardplanten: Poaceae, oligofaag

hostplants: Poaceae, oligophagous

Agropyron cristatum; Agrostis canina, capillaris, gigantea, rupestris, schraderiana, stolonifera; Alopecurus arundinaceus, geniculatus, pratensis; Anthoxanthum odoratum; Arrhenatherum elatius; Avenella flexuosa; Avenulapubescens; Beckmannia; Brachypodium pinnatum, retusum, sylvaticum; Briza media; Bromopsis benekenii, erecta, inermis; Bromus hordeaceus; Calamagrostis canescens, epigeios, lapponica, neglecta, purpurea & subsp. phragmitoides, varia, villosa; Cynosurus cristatus; Dactylis glomerata & subsp. lobata; Deschampsia cespitosa; Elytrigia repens; Festuca alpina, nigrescens, ovina, rubra, stricta subsp. sulcata, valesiaca & subsp. parviflora, varia, violacea; Helictochloa pratensis, versicolor; Hierochloë odorata; Holcus lanatus, mollis; Koeleria glauca, pyramidata; Leymus arenarius; Lolium perenne; Melica uniflora; Milium effusum; Ochlopoa annua; Phalaroides arundinacea; Phleum alpinum, nodosum, phleoides, pratense; Poa alpina, angustifolia, arctica, bulbosa, chaixii, compressa, glauca, media, nemoralis, palustris, pratensis & subsp, irrigata, timoleontis, trivialis & subsp. sylvicola; Puccinellia distans, maritima; Schedonorus arundinaceus, pratensis; Sesleria caerulea; Setaria italica; Trisetum spicatum.

synoniemen Ustilago agrostidis-palustris Davis, 1931; airae-caespitosae (Lindorth) Liro, 1924; alopecurivora (Ule) Liro, 1924; anthoxanthi Liro, 1938; brizae (Ule) Liro, 1924; corcontica Bubák, 1912; de-notarisii Fischer von Waldheim, 1877; kairamoi Liro, 1939; loliicola Ciferri, 1938; milii (Fuckel) Liro, 1924; phlei-pratensis Davis, 1931; poae Ito, 1936; poae-annuae Davis, 1935; poae-bulbosae Săvulescu, 1951; poae-pratensis Davis, 1935; salveii Berkeley & Broome, 1850; scaura Liro, 1924; taenia Ciferri, 1938; triseti Liro, 1939.

De synonymie van corcontica wordt door Spooner & Legon bestreden.

synonyms Ustilago agrostidis-palustris Davis, 1931; airae-caespitosae (Lindorth) Liro, 1924; alopecurivora (Ule) Liro, 1924; anthoxanthi Liro, 1938; brizae (Ule) Liro, 1924; corcontica Bubák, 1912; de-notarisii Fischer von Waldheim, 1877; kairamoi Liro, 1939; loliicola Ciferri, 1938; milii (Fuckel) Liro, 1924; phlei-pratensis Davis, 1931; poae Ito, 1936; poae-annuae Davis, 1935; poae-bulbosae Săvulescu, 1951; poae-pratensis Davis, 1935; salveii Berkeley & Broome, 1850; scaura Liro, 1924; taenia Ciferri, 1938; triseti Liro, 1939.

The synonymy of corcontica is contradicted by Spooner & Legon.

literatuur

references

Ainsworth & Sampson (1950a), Almaraz (1998a), Blumer (1946a), Buhr (1964b, 1865), Dietrich (2016b), Ivić, Sever, Scheuer & Lutz (2013a), Jage, Kruse, Kummer ao (2013a), Klenke & Scholler (2015a), Kummer (2012a), Kruse (2014a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Savchenko, Carris, Castlebury ao (2014b), Savchenko & Heluta (2012a), Scholz & Scholz (2013a), Spooner & Legon (2006a), Tomasi (2012a, 2014a), Vanderweyen & Fraiture (2014a), Vánky (1994a), Vánky & Abbasi (2013a).

23/03/2017