Silaum pepper saxifrage

Dichotomous table for leafminers

Incl. Silaus

1a mine < 1 cm, full depth, often in numbers together in a leaf axil; larvae, with distinct feet and chitinised head, later live free and cause extensive window feeding: Epermenia chaerophyllella

1b mine > 1 cm, not full depth; larva a maggot => 2

1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species

2a mine starts with an lower-surface corridor: Phytomyza silai

2b mine upper-surface throughout (occurrence on this host needs confirmation): Phytomyza adjuncta

Tables for all parasites per species

mod 9.x.2017