Euonymus spindle tree

Dichotomous table for leafminers

1a a branching corridor; main section on top of the midrib; larva remains in the mine till just before pupation: Liriomyza strigata

1b small or large blotch; larvae soon leave the mine to live free => 2

1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species

2a blotch small, full depth; older larvae, often in large numbers, in a collective spinning: Yponomeuta cagnagella

2b blotch large, upper surface; free-living larvae in a rolled leaf: Gracillaria syringella

Not included in the key: Scythropia crataegella.

mod 9.x.2017