Anemone, anemone

Incl. Anemonastrum, Anemonoides. See also Hepatica and Pulsatilla, that often are united with this genus.

1a fleck mine: Coleophora rectilineella

1b corridor and/or blotch => 2

1d gallen etc => 100

2a larva with feet and a chitinised head => 3

2b larva a maggot => 7

3a mine large, containing much frass; the larva, that mines all its life, has but one stemma => 4

3b mine mostly small, containing little frass; the larva, that later lives free, with a group of stemmata => 5

4a on Anemone nemorosa: Endophytus anemones

4b on Anemone sylvestris: Pseudodineura heringi

5a mine small => 6

5b mine not unusually small: Cnephasia ecullyana

6a larva: behind/below the anus a black chitinous comb: Cnephasia asseclana

6b no anal comb present: Cnephasia stephensiana

7a corridor from start to end => 8

7b finally a primary or secondary blotch => 10

8a larva: anterior spiraculum fist-shaped, on Anemone coronaria: Phytomyza pulsatillae

8b anterior spiraculum two-armed => 9

9a frass in second half of the in well isolated, not too small grains; larva: anterior spiraculum with two equal arms, with a total of about 10 papilla: Phytomyza hendeli

9b frass in second half of the mine in fine grains that lie close together, often also in pearl chains or short strings; front spiraculum with two unequal arms, with about 12 papillae (rarely on this hostplant): Phytomyza ranunculi

10a primary blotch, shallow: Phytomyza albimargo

10b secondary blotch, deeper, darker
=> 11

11a on Anemone nemorosa: Pytomyza anemones

11b on Anemone sylvestris: Phytomyza anemonantheae

11c on Anemone narcissifolia: Phytomyza narcissiflorae

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

101 – Nematoda

101a Anguinidae: Ditylenchus dipsaci

101b Aphelenchoidae: Aphelenchoides fragariae

101c Meoidogynidae: Meloidogyne hapla

104 – Diptera

104a Cecidomyiidae: Dasineura pulsatillae

105 – Hemiptera

105a Aphididae: Aphis montanicola

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Erysiphe aquilegiae var ranunculi; Leveillula taurica

109b Peronosporaceae: Peronospora anemones; Plasmoverna anemones-ranunculoidis, pygmaea

110 – other causers

110a Fungi, Physodermataceae: Physoderma deformans

110b Fungi, Synchytriaceae: Synchytrium anemones

Not included in the key: Liriomyza trifolii.