Onoclea *, matteuccia

fam. Woodsiaceae

1a larva makes a normal mine in a number of leaf segments: Chirosia histricina

1b larva lives in the leaf tip which is curled inwards, in fact as a gall maker: Chirosia betuleti & Ch. cinerosa

1c galls, etc => 100

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

104 – Diptera

104a Anthomyidae: Chirosia betuleti

107 – rust fungi

107a Eocronartiaceae: Herpobasidium struthiopteridis

107b Pucciniastraceae: Uredinopsis struthiopteridis

110 – other fungi

110f Fungi, Taphrinaceae: Taphrina hiratsukae

* = Matteuccia, Struthiopteris.

11/10/2015