Bassia, smotherweed, burningbush, ragweed

Incl. Echinopsilon, Kochia, Maireana. Maireana ciliata (Kochia ciliata) is an Australian species that has been introduced into Spain.

20/05/2017

1a larva mines from a transportable case, making fleck mines, without frass => 2

1b larva mines from the inside => 3

1c galls, etc => 100

2a case incrusted with sand grains; mouth angle c. 65°; (only?) on Maireana ciliata: Coleophora ciliataephaga

2b case without sand grains, mouth angle 20-30°; on Bassia species: Coleophora deviella

3a mine full depth, very clear; larva with chitinised head: Chrysoesthia sexguttella

3b mine upper- or lower-surface; larva a maggot => 4

4a at the start of the mine, at the underside, a group of elliptic eggs shells: Pegomya hyoscyami

4b no egg shells visible: Hydrellia griseola

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

104 – Diptera

104a Cecidomyiidae: Kochiomyia kochiae; Pseudokochiomyia mesasiatica, vicina

105 – Hemiptera

105a Aphididae: Hayhurstia atriplicis

107 – rust fungi

107a Pucciniaceae: Uromyces kochiae

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Leveillula cylindrospora

109b Peronosporaceae: Peronospora kochiae, kochiae-prostratae, kochiae-scopariae