Erica, bog heather

fam. Ericaceae

1a fleck mine; larva mined from a case => 2

1b the larva does not mine from a case: Xenolechia aethiops

1c galls, etc => 100

2a tiny lobe case: Coleophora juncicolella

2b black sheath case => 3

3a on Erica arborea, Mediterranean region: Coleophora pulchripennella

3b on other Erica species, more northerly in Europe: Coleophora pyrrhulipennella

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

103 – Coleoptera

103a Nanophylidae: Ctenomeropsis nigra

105 – Hemiptera

105a Aphididae: Ericaphis ericae, latifrons

105b Diaspididae: Chionaspis salicis

105c Eriococcidae: Acanthococcus devoniensis

107 – rust fungi

107a Pucciniaceae: Thekapsora ericae

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Erysiphe azaleae; Golovinomyces orontii

11/05/2017