Soldanella, snowbell

fam. Primulaceae

1a mine upper-surface; larva a maggot: Chromatomyia soldanellae

1b mine ful depth; larva with chitinised head => 2

1c gallen etc => 100

2a mine small; larva with prolegs; older larvae live free among spun leaves: Cnephasia stephensiana

2b mine larger; larva without prolega; lara mines all its life: Brachiodontus alpinus

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

107 – rust fungi

107a Pucciniaceae: Puccinia soldanellae

110 – other causers

110a Fungi, Capnodiales: Cladosporium soldanellae

A confusing remark that “Phytoliriomyza haltera” had been reared from Soldanella in Hering (1944a) was not repeated in Hering (1957a).

06/05/2017