Berula, lesser water-parsnip

fam. Apiaceae

1a corridor mine < 1 mm long, full depth; larva,
with feet and chitinised head, soon too large for the mine, sticking
out with its rear end; older larvae live free: Epermenia
chaerophyllella

1b mine larger, upper-surface; larva a maggot => 2

1c galls, etc => 100

2a mine a primairy blotch with conspicuous primary
and secondary feeding lines: Euleia
heraclei

2b corridor mine: Phytomyza
sii

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

103 – Coleoptera

103a Curculionidae: Lixus iridis

104 – Diptera

104a Cecidomyiidae: Kiefferia pericarpiicola; Lasioptera carophila

107 – rust fungi

107a Pucciniaceae: Uromyces lineolatus

108 – smut fungi

108a Entylomataceae: Entyloma helosciadii

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Erysiphe heraclei

109b Peronosporaceae: Plasmopara baudysii

110 – other causers

110a Fungi, Physodermataceae: Physoderma vagans

110b Fungi, Protomycetaceae: Buerenia inundata; Protomyces macrosporus

23/10/2015