Sium, water parsnip

fam. Apiaceae

1a mine < 1 cm, full depth, often in numbers together
in a leaf axil; larvae, with distinct feet and chitinised head, later live free and cause extensive window feeding: Epermenia chaerophyllella

1b mine > 1 cm, not full depth; larva a maggot => 2

1c galls, etc => 100

2a primary blotch mine: Euleia heraclei

2b corridor mine: Phytomyza sii

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

103 – Coleoptera

103a Curculionidae: Calosirus terminatus; Lixus iridis

107 – rust fungi

107a Pucciniaceae: Uromyces lineolatus, sii-latifolii

108 – smut fungi

108a Entylomataceae: Entyloma helosciadii

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Erysiphe heraclei

109b Peronosporaceae: Plasmopara sii

110 – other causers

110a Fungi, Physodermataceae: Physoderma vagans

110b Fungi, Protomycetaceae: Buerenia inundata; Protomyces macrosporus

02/01/2017