Torilis, hedge-parsley

fam. Apiaceae

1a mine < 1 cm, full depth; larva with feet and chitinised head, lives later free => 2

1b mine > 1 cm, upper-surface; larva a maggot, lives in the mine untill pupation => 3

1c galls, etc. => 100

2a mine more or less a corridor, often several per leaf; mines with little frass; larva pale (whitish, greenish), head pale brown: Epermenia chaerophyllella

2b mine blotchy, contains more frass; larva green, head black: Agonopterix purpurea

3a primary blotch mine: Euleia heraclei

3b corridor mine, rarely a secondary blotch: Phytomyza chaerophylli

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

102 – Acari

102a Eriophyidae: Aceria peucedani; Aculus eurynotus

104 – Diptera

104a Cecidomyiidae: Kiefferia pericarpiicola; Lasioptera carophila

105 – Hemiptera

105a Aphididae: Semiaphis anthrisci

107 – rust fungi

107a Pucciniaceae: Puccinia chaerophylli; Uromces graminis, lineolatus

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Erysiphe heraclei

110 – other causers

110a Fungi, Protomycetaceae: Protomyces macrosporus

Not included in the key: Epermenia aequidentellus.

27/11/2014