Astrantia, astrantia

fam. Apiaceae

1a mine full depth; larva with distinct head and feet; older larvae live free among spun leaves: Cnephasia sedana

1b mine upper- or lower-surface; larva, a maggot, mines all its life => 2

1c galls, etc => 100

2a pupuarium in the mine, in a, generally lower-surface, pupal chamber: Chromatomyia horticola

2b pupation external => 3

3a corridor, but at random points strongly widened, blotch-like: Phytomyza astrantiae

3b corridor from start to end, with little variation in width: Phytomyza cf spondylii

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

107 – rust fungi

107a Pucciniaceae: Puccinia astrantiae, polygoni-vivipari

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Erysiphe heraclei

110 – othee causers

110a Fungi, Dermateaceae: Leptotrochila astrantiae

16/10/2016