Hedera, ivy

fam. Araliaceae

1a larva: pinacula colourless (only the base of the setae black): Cnephasia incertana

1b pinacula black: Cnephasia stephensiana

1c galls, etc => 100

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

104 – Diptera

104a Cecidomyiidae: Dasineura kiefferi

105 – Hemiptera

105a Aphididae: Aphis hederae

105b Asterolecaniidae: Planchonia arabidis

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Golovinomyces orontii

110 – other causers

110a Fungi, Didymellaceae: Boeremia hedericola

110b Fungi, Synchytriaceae: Synchytrium aureum

21/11/2015