Santolina, lavender cotton, holy flax

fam. Asteraceae

1a mine a corridor, with black frass grains; larva a maggot: Chromatomyia cf syngenesiae

1b mine a more or less blotchy fleck mine, (almost) without frass; larva with feet and a chitinsed head =>

1c gallen etc => 100

2a larva mines from a portable tube => 3

2b larva lives free, or mines from a spinning attached to the plant => 4

3a larva in a tubular silken case: Coleophora albicella

3b larva in a lobe case, covered with a large number of mined leaves: Coleophora santolinella

4a the larve lives free, without spinning, under the leaf: Bucculatrix santolinella

4b the larve works from a spinning => 5

5a larve in a silken tube, connected to a globular cocoon that is attached to the plant: Isidiella divitella

5b larva in a spinning, or silken tube, at ground level: Sophronia humerella

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

104 – Diptera

104a Cecidomyiidae: ? Ozirhincus millefolii; Rhopalomyia navasina, santolinae, setubalensis

107 – rust fungi

107a Pucciniaceae: Puccinia chamaecyparidis

110 – other causers

110a Lepidoptera, Tortricidae: Cochylimorpha santolinana

30/12/2016

pub 30.xii.2016 ยท mod 6.viii.2017