Leontopodium, edelweiss

fam. Asteraceae

1a fleck mine, either long and narrow along the leaf margin, or more or less circular and in the leaf centre => 2

1b gallery or blotch => 3

1c gallen etc => 100

2a linear fleck mine: Bucculatrix spec.*

2b normal fleck mine in the centre of the leaf: Coleophora obviella

3a larva with thoracic feet and chitinised head => 4

3b lara a maggot => 5

4a the larve mines life long: Scrobipalpula diffluella (?)

4b only the young larvae mine; later they live among spun leaves: Cnephasia sedana

5a pinnately branched gallery; main and side branches on top of the midrib and side veins: Liriomyza strigata

5b gallery not determined by the leaf venation => 6

6a pupation within the mine, in a, generally lower-surface, pupal chamber: Chromatomyia cf syngenesiae

6b pupation external: Phytomyza kyffhusana

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

108 – brandschimmels

108a Entylomataceae: ? Entyloma magnusii

* According to Hering (1957a) this should be Bucculatrix fatigatella, but the description he gives of the mines does not seem to fit fatigatella.