Helenium, sneezeweed, rubberweed, owl claws

Incl. Hymenoxys.

1a corridor pinnately branched, main and side branches on top of midrib and side veins; pupation outside the mine: Liriomyza strigata

1b corridor little, irregularly, branched; pupation within the mine, in a, generally lower-surface, pupal chamber: Chromatomyia cf syngenesiae

1c galls, etc. => 100

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Golovinomyces cichoracearum; Leveillula lappae

21/11/2015