Galinsoga, Soldier

fam. Asteraceae

1a frass in discrete grains; puparium formed in a, usually lower-surface, pupal chamber: Chromatomyia cf. syngenesiae

1b frass in strings; pupation after the larva has left the mine, making a semicircular exit slit in the epidermis => 2

1c galls, etc => 100

2a gallery pinnately branched, main and side branch on top of the midrib and lateral veins: Liriomyza strigata

2b gallery and branching independent of the leaf venation paptern => 3

3a larva: rear spiraculum with 7-12 papillae; European species: Liriomyza bryoniae

3b rear spiraculum with 3 papillae; tropical species, accidentally introduced in Europe; in temperate regions mainly in greenhouses: Liriomyza trifolii

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

101 – Nematoda

101a Anguinidae: Ditylenchus dipsaci

101b Meloidogynidae: Meloidogyne hapla

104 – Diptera

104a Tephritidae: Dioxyna bidentis

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Neorysiphe cumminsiana

110 – other causers

110a Fungi, Protomycetaceae: Protomyces buerenianus