Catananche

fam. Asteraceae

1a narrow corridor, abruptly widening into a large blotch; pupation external: Amauromyza flavifrons*

1b corridor from start to end; pupation within the mine: Chromatomyia horticola*

1c galls, etc => 100

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

108 – brandschimmels

108a Entylomataceae: Entyloma catananchis

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Golovinomyces cichoracearum

* associations based on Gil-Ortiz ao (2009a).

10/11/2015