Tragopogon *, goat’s-beard, jack-go-to-bed-at-noon, salsify

fam. Asteraceae

1a pupation in the mine in a, usually lower-surface, pupal chamber; mine independent of the midrib: Chromatomyia cf. syngenesiae

1b larva leaves the mine prior to puation through a semicircular exit slit in the epidermis; main branch of the corridor positioned over the midrib => 2

1c galls, etc. => 100

2a side branches of the mine long and slender; frass in strings: Liriomyza strigata

2b side branches short and broad; frass in irregular lumps: Liriomyza tragopogonis

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

101 – Nematoda

101a Anguinidae: Ditylenchus dipsaci

101a Meloidogynidae: Meloidogyne hapla

104 – Diptera

104a Cecidomyiidae: Contarinia tragopogonis; Mycodiplosis erysiphes

104b Tephritidae: Ensina sonchi; Orellia falcata

105 – Hemiptera

105a Aphididae: Brachycaudus tragopogonis; Uroleucon cirsii

106 – Hymenoptera

106a Cynipidae: Aulacidea tavakolii, tragopogonis

107 – roesten

107a Pucciniaceae: Puccinia brachycyclica, hysterium, rhodosensis

108 – brandschimmels

108a Entylomataceae: Entyloma tragopogonis

108b Microbotryaceae: Microbotryum tragopogonis-pratensis

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Golovinomyces cichoracearum; Podosphaera xanthii

109b Peronosporaceae: Protobremia sphaerosperma

110 – andere veroorzakers

110a Fungi, Albuginaceae: Pustula obtusata

110b Fungi, Capnodiales: Cladosporium praecox

* See also the closely related genus Geropogon.

Not included in the key: Liriomyza groschkei, Liriomyza trifolii.