Cephalaria, cephalaria, giant scabious

fam. Caprifoliaceae

1a lower-surface tentiform mine: Phyllonorycter cephalariae

1b (usually, largely) upper-surface corridor => 2

1c galls, etc => 100

2a corridor pinnately branched, main axis on top of the midrib; pupation external: Liriomyza strigata

2b corridor irregularly branched, without association with the midrib; pupation within the mine, in a, generally lower-surface, pupal chamber: Chromatomyia horticola

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

102 – Acari

102a Eriophyidae: Aceria squalida

107 – rust fungi

107a Pucciniacee: Aecidium succisae

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Erysiphe knautiae; Podosphaera dipsacacearum

109b Peronosporaceae: Peronospora cephalariae, cephalariae-laevigatae

110 – other causers

110a Lepidoptera, Tortricidae: Diceratura roseofasciana leucanthana

20/05/2017