Sparganium, bur-reed

fam. Sparganiaceae

1a corridor long and narrow, sometimes ending below the water line; older larva lives free in a case: Nymphula nitidulata

1b corridor broader, irregular, never ending submerged; older larva lives as a stem borer => 2

1c galls, etc => 100

2a larva: anal shield with a thickened rim, ending in two diverging teeth: Orthotelia sparganella

2b anal shield flat, untoothed: Globia sparganii

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

108 – smut fungi

108a Doassansiaceae: Doassansia sparganii; Nannfeldtiomyces anomalus, sparganii

110 – other causers

110b Fungi, Physodermataceae: Physoderma sparganii-ramosi

04/05/2017