Lupinus, lupin

fam. Fabaceae

1a larva with thoracic feet and a distinct head => 2

1b larva a maggot => 6

1c galls, etc => 100

2a mine in the end a large blotch; larvae mine all their life => 3

2b mine small, very irregular; older larvae live free, among spun leaves => 4

3a mine contains no frass: Micrurapteryx kollariella

3b mine contains much frass: green at first, then black, in concentric arcs: Leucoptera laburnella

4a larva: pinacula colourless (but the base of the setae themselves black): Cnephsia incertana

4b pinacula black => 5

5a larva: below/behind the anus a chitinous comb: Cnephasia asseclana

5b no anal comb present: Cnephasia stephensiana

6a corridor that more or less closely follows the leaf margin until the leaf tip, then suddenly widens into a blotch (unusual species on this hostplant) => 7

6b mine not hook-like => 8

7a corridor very closely following the leaf margin; secondary feeding lines conspicuous: Agromyza demeijerei

7b corridor loosely following the leaf margin; no secondary feeding lines apparent: Agromyza johannae

8a corridor from start to end => 9

8b corridor, widening into a blotch => 12

9a puparium in the mine, in a, usually lower-surface, pupal chamber: Chromatomyia horticola

9b larva leaves the mine before pupation through a semicircular exit slit => 10

10a corridor pinnately branched, main branch overlying the midrib: Liriomyza strigata

10b corridor little branched, not associated with the midrib => 11

11a frass in two rows of grains or strings: Lyriomyza bryoniae

11b frass in a broad green central band: Liriomyza congesta

12a frass powdery, in green clouds along the margins of the mine: Scaptomyza graminum

12b frass in big black grains, partly hanging together in pearl chains: Liriomyza xanthocera

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

101 – Nematoda

101a Anguinidae: Ditylenchus dipsaci

101b Heteroderidae: Heterodera goettingiana, schachtii, trifolii

101c Meloidogynidae: Meloidogyne hapla

104 – Diptera

104a Agromyzidae: Napomyza lateralis

107 – rust fungi

107a Pucciniaceae: Uromyces lupinicola, renovatus

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Erysiphe intermedia, pisi var. pisi

110 – other causers

110a Bacteria, Rhizobiaceae: Rhizobium lupini