Hippophaë, sea-buckthorn

fam. Elaeagnaceae *

1a fleck mine; the larva mines from a case: Coleophora serratella

1b tentiform mine: Phyllonorycter corylifoliella

1c long, sometimes compact gallery, starting from a semiglobular shining egg shell => 2

1d small gallery or blotch, no visible egg shell => 3

1e galls, etc => 100

2a slender, curving gallery, abruptly widened into a blotch; frass black: Stigmella hybnerella

2b gallery quickly and gradally widening, forming a secondary blotch; frass warm brown: Stigmella perpygmaeella

3a short gallery, often in a vein axil, almost completely filled with frass, followed by a long, clear, larval chamber; older lavae live free under a leaf: Bucculatrix bechsteinella

3b small irregular gallery or blotch with little frass; older larvae live between spun leaves => 4

4a mining larvae in June-July, greenish or yellowish with light brown head: Gelechia hippophaella

4b mining larvae in July-October, red-brown with blackish-brown head: Spilonota ocellana

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

102 – Acari

102a Eriophyidae: Aceria hippophaena

104 – Diptera

104a Tephritidae: Rhagoletis batava

105 – Hemiptera

105a Aphididae: Capitophorus hippophaes

105b Diaspididae: Chionaspis salicis

105c Psyllidae: Cacopsylla hippophaes, zetterstedti

105d Triozidae: Trioza binotata

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Phyllactinia hippophaës

110 – andere veroorzakers

110a Bacteria, Frankiaceae: Frankia elaeagni

110b ? on Hippophae rhamnoides

* This family is closely related to the Rosacae, which explains the large number of typical Rosaceae-miners on sea-buckthorn.