Pilea, canadian clearweed

fam. Urticaceae

1a irregular corridor-blotch; most frass in ejected from the mine, part if it is trapped in spinning under the leaf: Cosmopterix pulchrimella

1b galls, etc.=> 100

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Erysiphe urticae; Golovinomyces orontii

21/12/2015