Heliotropium, heliotrope, turnsole

1a full depth blotch: Dentifovea fulvifascialis

1b upper- or lower-surface corridor => 2

1c galls, etc => 100

2a corridor independent of the leaf venation; frass in loose granules; pupation within the mine: Chromatomyia horticola

2b corrirdor on top of midrib and main lateral veins; frass in strings; pupation outside the mine: Liriomyza strigata

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

107 – rust fungi

107a Pucciniaceae: Uromyces heliotropii

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Leveillula taurica

15/10/2015