Teucrium, germander

fam. Lamiaceae

1a lower-surface tentiform mine: Aspilapteryx limosella

1b fleck mine => 2

1c mine different => 7

1d galls, etc. => 100

2a case helicoidal => 3

2b case more or less straight => 4

3a case about as wide as high; all-European species: Apterona helicoidella

3b case wider than high; Mediterranean species: Apterona helicinella

4a case made out of a single leaf fragment (spatulate leaf case): Coleophora auricella

4b case made out of a number of leaf fragments => 5

5a lobe case: Coleophora chamaedriella

5b composite leaf case => 6

6a case rather slender, rear end bent downwards: Coleophora ballotella

6b case squat, straight: Coleophora mareki

7a mine upper- or lower-surface, greenish when lighted from behind; larva a maggot => 8

7b mine full depth, whitish when held against the light; larva with recognisable head => 10

8a blotch. prededed by a long, slender corridor (may be obliterated by the later blotch, but usually still visibile then in the frass pattern, when lighted from behind): Amauromyza labiatarum

8b corridor from start to end => 9

9a mine pinnately branched, the main branch overlying the midrib; frass in strings: Liriomyza strrigata

9b mine not pinnate, free from the midrib; frass in isolated grains: Chromatomyia horticola

10a corridor, widening into a large blotch: Trifurcula teucriella

10b mine different => 11

11a mine small, of indefinite shape; older larvae live free among spun leaves => 12

11b mine a definite corridor, not unusually small; larva mines all its life: Apteropeda globosa & orbiculata

12a larva: pinacula colourless (the bases of the setae themselves are black) : Cnephasia incertana

12b pinacula black => 13

13a larva: behind/below the anus a chitinous comb: Cnephasia asseclana

13b anal comb absent: Cnephasia stephensiana

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

102 – Acari

102a Eriophyidae: Aculus teucrii; Anthocoptes octocinctus

103 – Coleoptera

103a Curculionidae: Thamnurgus kaltenbachii

104 – Diptera

104a Cecidomyiidae: Dasineura teucrii

105 – Hemiptera

105a Aphididae: Aphis alienus, teucrii

105b Asterolecaniidae: Planchonia arabidis

105c Tingidae: Copium clavicorne, teucrii

108 – smut fungi

108a Melanotaeniaceae: Melanotaenium jaapi

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Leveillula duriaei; Neoërysiphe galeopsidis

109b Peronosporaceae: Peronospora teucrii

110 – other causers

110a Fungi, Physodermataceae: Physoderma vagans

Not included in the key: Cnephasia ecullyana