Salvia, clary

fam. Lamiceae

1a fleck mine => 2

1b full depth corridor or blotch; larva with chitinised head=> 5

1c upper- or lower-surface corridor or blotch => 11

1d galls, etc => 100

2a larva in a helicoidal case; hole in the mine untidy, angular: Apterona helicoidella

2b case in principle tubular; hole exactly round => 3

3a black sheeth case: Coleophora albitarsella

3b coarsew lobe base: Coleophora virgatella

3c composite leaf case => 4

4a case composed of 2-3 leaf fragments: Coleophora salviella

4b case composed of c. 15 leaf fragments: Coleophora onopordiella

5a oviposition site covered by a shining black drop of hardened secretion: Trachys quercicola

5b no such drop => 6

6a larva without feet: Orthochaetes insignis

6b larva with thoracic feet but without prolegs => 7

6b larva with thoracic feet but without prolegs => 8

7a adult bronze black: Dibolia schillingii

7b adult green or bronze green: Dibolia femoralis

8a “leaf miner” on Salvia triloba, Rhodos; mine not described: Ramphis libanoticus

8b narrow corridor, containing much frass, starting at an egg shell => 9

8c mine different, without frass, not beginning at an egg shell; mine associated with a silken tube under the leaf => 10

9a on Salvia lavandulifolia, west mediterranean: Trifurcula salvifoliae

9b on Salvia triloba, east mediterranean: Trifurcula trilobella

10a on Salvia officinalis: Vulcaniella cognatella

10b on Salvia austriaca, nemorosa, pratensis: Vulcaniella extremella

10c on Salvia aethiopis, sclarea: Vulcaniella grandiferella

10d on Salvia grandiflora: Vulcaniella karadaghella

10e on Salvia ringens: Vulcaniella klimeschi

11a puparium in the mine, in a, usually lower-surface, pupal chamber; frass in discrete grains: Chromatomyia horticola

11b pupation outside the mine; frass mostly in string or pearl chains => 12

12a pinnately branched corridor, its main branch overlying the midrib; frass in strings: Liriomyza strigata

12b corridor not pinnate, free from the midrib; frass in grains or pearl chains => 13

13a corridor, of which the middle part is strongly copntorted, creating a secondary blotch: Phytomyza salviae

13b corridor, never forming a secondary blotch: Phytomyza scotina

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

101 – Nematoda

101a Meloidogynidae: Meloidogyne hapla

102 – Acari

102a Eriophyidae: Aceria salviae

103 – Coleoptera

103a Apionidae: Squamapion elongatum

104 – Diptera

104a Cecidomyiidae: Dasineura salviae; Lestodiplosis massalongoi

105 – Hemiptera

105a Asterolecaniidae: Planchonia arabidis

106 – Hymenoptera

106a Cynipidae: Hedickiana levantina; Neaylax salviae, verbenaca; Rhodus cyprius

107 – rust fungi

107a Pucciniaceae: Puccinia nevadensis, nigrescens, salviae, stipina

108 – smut fungi

108a Microbotryaceae: Microbotryum salviae

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Golovinomyces neosalviae, salviae; Leveillula duriaei; Neoërysiphe galeopsidis

109b Peronosporaceae: Peronospora salviae-officinalis, swinglei

110 – other causers

110a Fungi, anamorph of Mycosphaerella: Ramularia lamii

110b Fungi, Synchytriaceae: Synchytrium aureum

Not included in the key: Amauromyza labiatarum (probably xenophagy); Dibolia cryptocephala; Liriomyza trifolii

15/04/2017