Pedicularis, lousewort

1a mine full depth, at least initially a corridor; larva
with chitinised head: Apteropeda
orbiculata

1b upper-surface blotch; larva a maggot: Phytomyza pedicularifolii

1c galls, etc => 100

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

102 – Acari

102a Eriophyidae: Aculops pedicularis

105 – Hemiptera

105a Aphidiae: Acyrthosiphon calvulus

107 – rust fungi

107a Coleosporiaceae: Coleosporium euphrasiae

107b Cronartiaceae: Cronartium flaccidum

107c Melampsoraceae: Melampsora pedicularis

107d Pucciniaceae: Puccinia clintonii, paludosa, pedicularis

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Podosphaera phtheirospermi

109b Peronosporaceae: Peronospora pedicularis; Plasmopara densa

110 – other causers

110a Fungi, Synchytriaceae: Synchytrium aureum