Tuberaria, spotted rock-rose

fam. Cistaceae

1a narrow tortuous gallery with frass in a central line: Parafomoria tingitella

1b tentiform mine: Triberta helianthemella

1c fleck mine =>2

1d galls, etc => 100

2a the larva, that doesn’t live in a case, mines from a silken tube that descends along the stem to the ground: Scythris siccella

2b larva in a case; no silken tube => 3

3a hole in the mine neatly circular, along the rim a fringe of fine short stubbles; case more or less tubular => 4

3b hole not neatly circular, not fringe of stubbles; case helicoidal: Apterone helicoidella

4aspecies from the Canary Islands: Coleophora confluella

4b species from central and southern Europe: Coleophora helianthemella

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

102 – Acari

102a Eriophyidae: Aceria rosalia

103 – Coleoptera

103a Apionidae: Helianthemapion aciculare

105 – Hemiptera

105a Psyllidae: Lisronia varicicosta

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Podosphaera helianthemi

109b Peronosporaceae: Peronospora leptoclada

Not included in the key: Coleophora eupreta, ochrea.