Rhus, sumac

fam. Anacardiaceae

1a epidermal corridor, soon a very weakly contracted, blotch-like tentiform mine; the older larva in a rolled leaf: Caloptilia coruscans

1b corridor; larva remains all its life in the mine => 2

1c galls, etc => 100

2a corridor full depth, with much frass in a thick central line; pupation outside the mine: Simplimorpha promissa

2b corridor upper- or lower-surface; frass in discrete grains in two rows along the sides; pupation within the mine in a, usually lower-surface, pupal chamber: Chromatomyia horticola

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

105 – Hemiptera

105a Calophyidae: Calophya rhois

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Podosphaera pruinosa

110 – other causers

110a Fungi, Gnomoniaceae: Apiognomonia errabunda

06/08/2016