Glaucium, horned-poppy

fam. Papaveraceae

1a mine full depth, may be very small; larva with feet and a sclerotised head => 2

1b mine shallow, a sizable corridor; larva a maggot => 3

1c galls, etc => 100

2a mine tiny; older larvae live free among spun leaves: Cnephasia stephensiana

2b mine large, considerably deforming the leaf; larve mines till just before pupation: Cnephasia lineata

3a pupation within the mine in a, usually lower-surface, pupal chamber; corridor little branched; frass in discrete grains: Chromatomyia horticola

3b pupation external; corridor strongly, pinnately branched; frass in pearl strings: Liriomyza strigata

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

108 – smut funti

108a Entylomataceae: Entyloma fuscum

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Erysiphe cruciferarum; Leveillula taurica

109b Peronosporaceae: Peronospora glaucii