Papaver, poppy

fam. Papaveraceae

1a mine full depth; larva with chitinised head: Stenocarus ruficornis

1b mine upper- or lower-surface; larva a maggot => 2

1c galls, etc => 100

2a frass extremely fine, or absent; mine an irregular blotch; larvae: mandible with 1 tooth: Hydrellia griseola

2b frass less fine; mine more or less elongate; mandible with 2 teeth => 3

3a puparium in the mine, in a, usually lower-surface, pupal chamber; frass in well-spaced grains; corridor independent of the midrib: Chromatomyia horticola

3b pupation outside the mine; frass, at least partly, in strings or pearl chains; mine oriented over the midrib => 4

4a pinnately branched corridor: Liriomyza strigata

4b irregular elongated blotch: Liriomyza xanthocera

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

101 – Nematoda

101a Anguinidae: Ditylenchus dipsaci

101b Heteroderidae: Heterodera schachtii

101c Meloidogynidae: Meloidogyne hapla

103 – Coleoptera

103a Curculionidae: Neoglocianus maculaalba

104 – Diptera

104a Cecidomyiidae: Dasineura papaveris; Karshomyia caulicola; Lestodiplosis callida

105 – Hemiptera

105a Aphididae: Aphis fabae fabae

107 – rust fungi

107a Melampsoraceae: Melampsora magnusiana

108 – smut fungi

108a Entylomataceae: Entyloma fuscum

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Erysiphe cruciferarum; Golovinomyces orontii; Leveillula taurica

109b Peronosporaceae: Peronospora apula, argemones, arborescens, cristata, meconopsidis, somniferi

110 – other causers

110a Fungi, Plasmodiophoraceae: Plasmodiophora brassicae

110b teratology: Papaver rhoeas