Aconitum, monkshood

fam. Ranunculaceae

1a small, irregular, full depth mine; larva with thoracic feet and sclerotised head:: Cnephasia incertana

1b mine larger, upper surface; larva a maggot => 2

1c galls, etc => 100

2a corridor from begin to end: Phytomyza aconitella

2b mine at least partly a blotch => 3

3a blotch, without a trace of a preceding corridor; frass dispersed equally over the mine: Phytomyza aconiti

3b blotch, preceded by a corridor that lies mostly in the tip of the leaf (the corridor may be overrun by the later blotch, but should be recognisable by the frass pattern); most frass concentrated in the first, apical part of the mine: Phytomyza aconitophila

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

103 – Coleoptera

103a Curculionidae: Ranunculiphilus lycoctoni, pseudinclemens

104 – Diptera

104a Cecidomyiidae: Contarinia aconitifloris

108 – smut fungi

108a Urocystidaceae: Urocystis irregularis

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Erysiphe aquilegiae var aquilegiae, aquilegiae var ranunculi

109b Peronosporaceae: Plasmoverna pygmaea