Delphinum, larkspur

incl. Consolida

1a mine small, irregular, full depth; the larva, with clear head and feet, later lives free among spun leaves: Cnephasia incertana

1b mine not unusually small or irregular; the larva, a maggot, mines all its life => 2

1c galls, etc => 100

2a corridor from start to end, nowhere strongly widened; mountain species: Phytomyza aconitella

2b blotch, or a corridor that at least locally is strongly widened => 3

3a blotch without a trace of a preceding corridor; frass irregulary scattered, often cloudy; also in gardens: Phytomyza aconiti

3b mine begins with a distinct corridor (may be overrun by the later blotch, then recognisable only by the frass line) => 4

4a corridor, locally stronly widened; frass scattered through the mine, in coarse lumps; Mediterranean species, on Delphinium staphisagria: Ophiomyia delphinii

4b short corridor, continued in, and often overrun by, a blotch; most frass in the apical part of the mine, in short strings; also in gardens: Phytomyza aconitophila

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

101 – Nematoda

101a Anguinidae: Ditylenchus dipsaci

101b Meloidogynidae: Meloidogyne hapla

103 – Coleoptera

103a Curculionidae: Ranunculiphilus pseudinclemens; Thamnurgus delphinii

107 – rust fungi

107a Cronartiaceae: Cronartium flaccidum

107b Pucciniaceae: Puccinia actaeae-agropyri, actaeae-elymi, cynodontis; Uromyces delphinii

108 – smut fungi

108a Entylomataceae: Entyloma winteri

108b Urocystidaceae: Urocystis delphinii

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Erysiphe aquilegiae var ranunculi; Leveillula taurica; Podosphaera delphinii

109b Peronosporaceae: Peronospora consolidae

110 – other causers

110a Bacteria, Actinomycetales: Rhodococcus fascians

01/12/2016