Helleborus, bear’s-foot

fam. Ranunculaceae

1a upper-surface corridor, widening into an elongated blotch; larva a maggot; pupation in the mine, in an lower-surface chamber: Phytomyza hellebori

1b galls, etc => 100

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

105 – Hemiptera

105a Aphididae: Macrosiphum hellebori

106 – Hymenoptera

106a Tenthredinidae: Monophadnus latus

107 – rust fungi

107a Pucciniaceae: Puccinia actaeae-agropyri, actaeae-elymi

108 – smut fungi

108a Entylomataceae: Entyloma arnaudianum

108b Urocystidaceae: Urocystis floccosa

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Erysiphe hellebori

109b Peronosporaceae: Peronospora pulveracea; Plasmoverna hellebori

110 – other causers

110a Fungi, Physodermataceae: Physoderma deformans

19/08/2016