Hypericum *, st john’s-wort

fam. Hypericaceae

1a mine small, of indefinite shape, not starting at an egg shell; the older larva lives free, among spun leaves => 2

1b mine not particularly small, a corridor, blotch, or a combination, always starting at an egg shell (not always easily visible); the larva either mines all its life, or ends living in a folded leaf margin => 4

1c galls, etc => 100

2a larva: behind/below the anus a chitinous comb => 3

2b anal comb absent: Cnephasia incertana

3a larva: pinacula lighter than the integument: Cnephasia longana

3b pinacula black: Cnephasia asseclana

4a tentiform mine; the older larva lives in a folded leaf margin => 5

4b no tentiform mine; life long miners => 6

5a species of Madera and the Canary Islands: Caloptilia aurantiaca

5b species of continental Europe: Euspilapteryx auroguttella

6a blotch, without a trace of an initial corridor: Leucoptera lustratella

6b initial corridor always present, albeit sometimes overrun by the later blotch => 7

7a initial corridor epidermal, with little frass => 5

7b initial corridor deep, almost stuffed with frass => 8

8a pupation external; species of the Canary Islands: Ectoedemia variicapitella

8b pupation in a cocoon within the mine; species of continental Europe => 9

9a egg at the upper side of the leaf: Ectoedemia luisae

9b egg at the lower side => 10

10a species of Greece: Ectoedemia deschkai

10b species of entire Europe (Greece included!): Ectoedemia septembrella

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

102 – Acari

102a Eriophyidae: Aculus hygrophilus, hyperici

105 – Hemiptera

105a Aphididae: Aphis chloris

105a Asterolecaniidae: Planchonia arabidis

107 – rust fungi

107a Melampsoraceae: Melampsora hypericorum; Uredo hyperici-humifusi

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Erysiphe hyperici; Leveillula taurica

110 – other causers

110a Fungi, Synchytriaceae: Synchytrium aureum

110b Lepidoptera, Tortricidae: Lathronympha strigana

* Incl. Webbia.

Not included in the key (egg position not known): Ectoedemia empetrifolii, eriki.

16/12/2016

pub 16.xii.2016 ยท mod 27.vii.2017