Parthenocissus, virginia creeper

fam. Vitaceae

1a small blotch, from which eventually an oval excision is cut: Antispila oinophylla

1b galls, etc => 100

100a Nematoda => 101

100b Acari => 102

100c Coleoptera => 103

100e Diptera => 104

100f Hemiptera => 105

100d Hymenoptera => 106

100g rust fungi => 107

100h smut fungi => 108

100i powdery and downy mildews => 109

100j other causers => 110

109 – powdery and downy mildews

109a Erysiphaceae: Erysiphe necator; Phyllactinia ampelopsidis

109b Peronosporaceae: Plasmopara muralis

Hering (1957a) mentions a case of xenophagy by Callisto denticulella.

04/12/2015