Rhinusa antirrhini Paykull, 1800

on Antirrhinum, Linaria, Microrrhinum, Misopathes

Rhinusa antirrhini

Linaria vulgaris, Dronten; © Arnold Grosscurt

pupa in the gall

two pupae

gall

larvae in the galled and swollen fruits, pupation in the gall. The larvae have a dark-coloured head capsule, which distinguishes them from those of Rh. neta, that have a similar biology (Rheinheimer & Hassler)..

hostplants

Plantaginaceae, oligophagpus

Antirrhinum majus; Linaria genistifolia & subsp. dalmatica, repens, vulgaris; Microrrhinum litorale, minus; Misopates orontium.

The occurrence on Antirrhinum is not confirmed by Rheinheimer & Hassler.

synonyms

Gymnetron antirrhini.

notes

In North America the species is employed in the biological control of Linaria vulgaris.

references

Bellmann (2012a), Buhr (1964a), Caldara (2008a), Koops (2013a), Lambinon, Carbonelle & Claerebout (2015a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Roskam (2009a), Tomasi (2012a, 2014a), Wilson, Sing, Piper, Hansen, De Clerck-Floate, Mackinnon & Bell Randall (2005a).

09/09/2015

mod 18.vii.2017