Linaria vulgaris, Dronten; © Arnold Grosscurt
pupa in the gall
larvae in the galled and swollen fruits, pupation in the gall. The larvae have a dark-coloured head capsule, which distinguishes them from those of Rh. neta, that have a similar biology (Rheinheimer & Hassler)..
The occurrence on Antirrhinum is not confirmed by Rheinheimer & Hassler.
In North America the species is employed in the biological control of Linaria vulgaris.
Bellmann (2012a), Buhr (1964a), Caldara (2008a), Koops (2013a), Lambinon, Carbonnelle & Claerebout (2015a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Roskam (2009a), Tomasi (2012a, 2014a), Wilson, Sing, Piper, Hansen, De Clerck-Floate, Mackinnon & Bell Randall (2005a).