Ophiomyia pinguis (Fallén, 1820)
Little branched corridors, radiating from the leaf base, often deep in the plant tissue. The larva can migrate from one leaf to the other through the petioles. Frass concentrated in the lowest, basal part of the mine; there also the pupation takes place.
Asteraceae, narrowly oligophagous
A pest species in vegetable crops, especially chicory, to a lesser degree also lettuce (Darvas, Skuhravá & Andersen, 2000a; Dempewolf, 2004a; Spencer, 1973b): “chicory fly”.
Larvae from February (Hering, 1957a).
BE recorded (De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1991a).
NE recorded (de Meijere, 1924a).
LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).
distribution within Europe
From Scandinavia to the Iberian Peninsula, Italy, and Serbia, and from the UK to the Baltic States and Hungary; also Thrace (Fauna Europaea, 2008).
Described by Dempewolf (2001a), de Meijere (1925a), and Süss (1971a). Spiracula: front spiraculum a globular knot of 8-10 papillae; rear spiraculum with 7-9 papillae. Mandible, in the 3rd instar, with 1 large tooth, the left one larger than the other (alternating).
Melanagromyza, Tylomyza pinguis.
Benavent, Martínez, Moreno & Jiménez (2004a), Beuk (2002a), Van Den Bruel (1936a, 1938a), De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1991a), Černý (2011a), Černý & Merz (2006a, 2007a), Černý & Vála (1996a, 1999a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Darvas, Skuhravá & Andersen (2000a), Dempewolf (2001a, 2004a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Hering (1955b, 1956a, 1957a), Kabos (1971), Maček (1999a), de Meijere (1924a, 1925a, 1939a), Pakalniškis (1994a), Papp & Černý (2015a), Robbins (1991a), Spencer (1964a, 1972a, 1973b, 1974a, 1976a), Süss (1971a, 1982a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).