Ophiomyia pulicaria (Meigen, 1830)

8774

Taraxacum officinale, Nieuwendam

detail

detail

mine

Broad corridor overlying the midrib, with short excursion into the blade, mainly in its basal part. Frass concentrated in the basal part of the mine, corridors almost free from frass. Pupation in the mine, also in the basal part.

hostplants

Asteraceae, narrowly oligophagous

Aposeris foetida; Chondrilla juncea; Crepis; Hieracium; Hypochaeris; Lactuca serriola; Lapsana communis; Leontodon; Mycelis muralis; Picris hieracioidea; Prenanthes purpurea; Reichardia; Sonchus asper, oleraceus; Taraxacum officinale.

phenology

Larvae from March to July (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1991a).

NE recorded (de Meijere. 1924a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to the Iberian Peninsula, Italy, and Serbia, and from the UK to the Baltic States and Hungary; also Thrace (Fauna Europaea, 2008) and Bulgaria (Beiger, 1980a).

larva

Described by de Meijere (1928a) and Sasakawa (1961a). Spiracula: front spiraculum an erect spine with ca. 14 papillae in two rows; rear spiraculum with 11-14 papillae. Mandible with 2 teeth, the frontal one much larger than the proximal one.

puparium

Yellowish-white.

synonyms

Melanagromyza pulicaria; M. olgae Hering, 1922.

notes

In small plants, especially when there are few rosette leaves, also the stem rind may be mined.

references

Beiger (1955a, 1960a, 1965a, 1980a), Beuk (2002a), De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1991a), Buhr (1932a, 1941b, 1964a), Černý (2001a, 2007a, 2011a, 2013a), Černý & Merz (2005a, 2007a), Černý & Vála (1996a, 1999a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), van Frankenhuyzen, Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Hering (1922a, 1955b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Kabos (1971a), Maček (1999a), Masetti, Lanzoni, Burgio & Süss (2004a), de Meijere (1924a, 1928a, 1939a), Nowakowski (1954a), Pakalniškis (1983a, 1990a, 1994a, 1998c), Papp & Černý (2015a), Robbins (1991a), Sasakawa (1961a), Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1995a, 1996a), Skala (1936a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1956a, 1957g, 1964a, 1972a,b, 1976a), Starke (1942a), Süss (1982a, 1999a), von Tschirnhaus (1982a, 1999a), Zlobin (1986b), Zoerner (1969a).

28/04/2017

mod 23.vii.2017