Amauromyza morionella (Zetterstedt, 1848)

Amauromyza morionella: mine on Stachys sylvatica

Stachys sylvatica, Belgium, Liège, Coteaux de la Citadelle © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Amauromyza morionella: mine on Stachys sylvatica, detail

detail of the initial gallery

Amauromyza morionella: detail of mine on Balllota nigra

Ballota nigra, Cadzand; initial gallery

mine

The first part of the mine consists of a long, slender upper-surface corridor. After the first moult this changes into a large primary blotch without feeding lines. Frass in the corridor in short, somewhat angular thread fragments, towards the end even in grains. Frass arranged less nearly along the sides than in A. lamii. Pupation outside the mine.

hostplants

Lamiaceae, oligophagous

Ajuga reptans; Ballota hirsuta, nigra; Galeopsis; Glechoma hederacea; Lamium galeobdolon ,maculatum, purpureum; Marrubium incanum, peregrinum, vulgare; Phlomis lychnitis, purpurea; Scutellaria; Stachys officinalis, sylvatica.

phenology

Larvae in April-July and August-October (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Ellis, 2001: Sinnich).

NE observed (Ellis, several localities).

LUX observed (Ellis, 2007: Flaxweiler).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to the Iberian Peninsula, Italy and Thrace, and from the UK to the Baltic States and Roumania (Fauna Europaea, 2007).

larva

synonyms

Dizygomyza, Phytobia morionella; Amauromyza novakii (Strobl, 1902).

notes

Hering (1967a) and Süss (1991a) consider novakii a subspecies of morionella. Süss found constant differences in a large material from Italy, taken from Ballota.

references

Ahr (1966a), Amsel & Hering (1933a), Beiger (1970a, 1979a), Buhr (1941b, 1979a), Černý (2011a), Černý & Merz (2006a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Drăghia (1967a), Gil Ortiz (2009a), Hering (1936b, 1955b, 1957a, 1967a), Papp & Černý (2016a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1968a), Robbins (1991a), Spencer (1966a,b, 1967a, 1971a, 1972a, 1976a), Stammer (2016a), Starke (1942a), Starý (1930a), Stolnicu (2007a) Süss (1991a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Ureche (2010a), Zoerner (1969a).

28/04/2017

pub 28.iv.2017 · mod 25.vii.2017