Amauromyza verbasci (Bouché, 1847)

Amauromyza verbasci mines

Verbascum sp., Castricum aan Zee

Amauromyza verbasci on Scrophularia nodosa

Scrophularia nodosa, Castricum

Amauromyza verbasci: mines on Scrophiularia nodosa

Scrophularia nodosa, Scrophularia nodosa, landgoed Tongeren © Hans Jonkman: unusual, failed mines (drought?)

8377

Scrophularia nodosa; herbarium specimen, Bergen NH

12676

Scrophularia nodosa, Diemen: very young mine

mine

A short, mostly upper-surface, rarely partly lower-surface corridor leads to a large, upper-surface, primary blotch. The mine initially is pale, turns brown later. Frass in sizeable dispersed grains. Pupation outside the mine; the larva leaves the mine through a semicircular exit slit in the upper epidermis.

hostplants

Scrophulariaceae, oligophagous

Buddleja davidii, globosa; Scrophularia nodosa, umbrosa, vernalis; Verbascum banaticum, blattaria, collinum, densiflorum, eriophorum, nigrum, ramigera, speciosum, thapsus, vandasii.

phenology

Larvae in June-July and August-September (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1991a).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1925a, 1939a).

LUX recorded (Ellis, 2002, 2007: Kautenbach, Hobscheid).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to the Iberian Peninsula, Sardinia, Italy and Serbia, and from Ireland to the Baltic States and Roumania (Fauna Europaea, 2007); Corsica (Buhr, 1941b).

larva

synonyms

Dizygomyza, Phytobia verbasci.

ß

notes

The occurence on both Verbascum and Buddleja confirms the recent placement of the latter genus in the family Scrophulariaceae (see also Hering, 1962a).

references

Amsel & Hering (1933a), Beiger (1955a, 1960a, 1965a, 1970a, 1979a), Beuk (2002a), Bland (1977a), De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1991a), Buhr (1932a, 1941a, 1964a), Černý & Merz (2007a), Dempewolf (2001a), Drăghia (1967a, 1968a, 1970a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1955b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Kabos (1971a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kvičala (1938a), Maček (1999a), Manning (1956a), de Meijere (1925a, 1939a), Michalska (1972a, 1976a), Michna (1975a), Nowakowski (1954a), Pakalniškis (1982a), Papp & Černý (2016a), Pârvu (2005a), Robbins (1991a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1953a, 1971a, 1972a, 1976a), Stammer (2016a), Starke (1942a), Starý (1930a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Zoerner (1969a).

31/03/2017

mod 6.viii.2017