Aulagromyza orphana (Hendel, 1920)
The mine begins in a leaf, that soon withers (sign to look for, when trying to find this miner). The larva continues living as a miner in the skin of the stem.
Galium aparine, palustre.
Larvae in July-August (Hering, 1957a); June (Dempewolf, 2001).
BE recorded (Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1999a).
NE recorded (de Meijere, 1924a, 1939a).
LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2007).
distribution within Europe
From the British Isles, Denmark en Poland to the Iberian Peninsula; also in Thrace (Fauna Europaea, 2007) and Turkey (Civelek, Deeming & Önder, 2000a).
The larva is described by de Meijere (1941a) and Dempewolf (2001a); rear spiraculum with about 25 papillae in a semicircle. The last abdominal segment with a conspicuous, long, sac-like protuberance.
Paraphytomyza, Phytagromyza orphana.
The association between larva and fly has not yet been established by breeding (Spencer, 1976a; Dempewolf, 2001a). Moreover, Dempewolf found that in Bielefeld oviposition invariably takes place in the stem, not in a leaf.
Černý (2001a, 2007a, 2009a, 2011a), Černý & Merz (2006a), Černý & Vála (1999a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Civelek, Deeming & Önder (2000a), Gil Ortiz (2009a), Hering (1955b), Papp & Černý (2016a), Robbins (1991a), Spencer (1954a, 1972a, 1976a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).