Liriomyza eupatorii (Kaltenbach, 1873)

narrowly polyphagous

Liriomyza eupatorii: mine on Eupatorium cannabinum

Eupatorium cannabinum, Bergen NH

Liriomyza eupatorii: mine on Eupatorium cannabinum

Eupatorium cannabinum, Bergsche Heide

Liriomyza eupatorii: mine on Galeopsis tetrahit

Galeopsis tetrahit, Belgium, prov. Namur, Olloy-sur-Viroin © Stéphane Claerebout

Liriomyza eupatorii: vacated mine on Galeopsis spec.

Galeopsis spec., Welna estate © Hans Jonkman

mine

Upper-surface corridor. The first part is wound in a dense spiral that quickly turns brown. The spiral continues in a long, generally unbranched corridor that maintains almost the same width. Frass in long thick strings. When the mine is positioned near the leaf margin the spiral part may be missing; the thick frass strings then are sufficiently characteristic. Pupation outside the mine; exit slit in lower epidermis.

hostplants

Asteraceae & Lamiaceae; narrowly polyphagous

Aster; Euptorium aromaticum, cannabinum; Galeopsis angustifolia, pubescens, segetum, speciosa, tetrahit; Helianthus; Lapsana communis; Solidago virgaurea.

A very common species, mostly found on Eupatorium and Galeopsis, Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntyte (2003a, Litouwen) report the species from Stachys arvensis.

phenology

Larvae in May-June and July-August (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1991a).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1924a).

LUX recorded (Ellis: Kautenbach, Hobscheid, Dudelange).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, and from Ireland to Estonia, Poland and Hungary (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

larva

synonyms

Liriomyza fasciola eupatorii; Liriomyza orbitella Hendel, 1931.

references

Beiger (1955a, 1960a, 1970a, 1979a), Beuk (2002a), Buhr (1932a, 1941b, 1964a), De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1991a), Černý (2001a), Černý, Barták & Roháček (2004a), Černý & Merz (2007a), Černý & Vála (1999a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Drăghia (1968a), van Frankenhuyzen, Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gil Ortiz (2009a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1921a, 1955a), Huber (1969a), Kabos (1971a), Kvičala (1938a), Maček (1999a), de Meijere (1924a, 1925a, 1939a), Michalska (1970a, 1972a, 1976a, 2003a), Michna (1975a), Nowakowski (1954a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntyte (2003a), Pakalniškis (1982b,1990a), Robbins (1991a), Rydén (1926a), Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1995a), Scheirs, De Bruyn & Verdyck (1993a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1954a,b, 1972a, 1976a), Stammer (2016a), Starý (1930a), Süss (1979a), Starke (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Ureche (2010a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a).

28/04/2017

pub 28.iv.2017 · mod 15.viii.2017