Liriomyza strigata (Meigen, 1830)

Liriomyza strigata: mine on Galeopsis

Galeopsis sp., Duin en Kruidberg

Liriomyza strigata: mine on Galeopsis

detail

Liriomyza strigata: mine on Galeopsis

Galeopsis bifida, Arnhem: leaf underside with initial gallery

Liriomyza strigata: mine on Eupatorium cannabinum

Eupatorium cannabinum, Belgium, prov. East Flanders, Oudenaarde, bos t’Ename © Carina Van Steenwinkel

Liriomyza strigata: mine on Eupatorium cannabinum

lighted from behind

Liriomyza strigata: mine on Eupatorium cannabinum

here hardly lateral galleries

_3299_4

lighted from behind

Liriomyza strigata: mine on Campanula

Campanula trachelium, Amstelveen, JP Thijssepark

mine

Branched, whitish, upper-surfae corridor; main axis overlying the midrib; side branches overlying the main lateral veins. (In Campanula and Phyteuma the mine is much less branched, sometimes nothing more than a corridor on top of the midrib). Frass in rather long strings. Usually the mines begins as a long and narrow, shallow, tortuous lower-surface corridor that ends upon the midrib but otherwise is not associated with the leaf venation. Often this initial corridor is filled with callus, and then even less conspicuous. Pupation outside the mine.

hostplants

Broadly polyphagous on dicotyledons; e.g.:

Achillea biserrata, millefolium, ptarmica, sibiriaca; Ageratum; Ajuga genevensis, reptans; Alliaria; Alcea rosea; Alyssum montanum; Amaranthus; Ambrosia; Ammi; Anaphalis; Anthemis; Anthyllis; Antirrhinum majus; Apium; Aposeris foetida; Arabidopsis; Arctium lappa, minus; Artemisia dracunculus, vulgaris; Aster amellus; Asteriscus; Atriplex hortensis; Atropa bella-donna; Aurinia saxatilis; Ballota nigra; Bellis perennis; Beta; Bidens; Brassica napus, rapa; Bryonia alba, cretica subsp. dioica; Bunias orientalis; Buphthalmum; Calendula officinalis; Callistephus chinensis; Campanula alliariifolia, barbata, glomerata, lactiflora, morettiana, punctata, rapunculoides, rapunculus, rotundifolia, trachelium; Canarina canariensis; Cannabis sativa; Capsella; Cardamine; Cardaria; Carduus acanthoides, crispus, nutans; Carthamus; Centaurea benedicta, jacea, nigra, phrygia subsp. pseudophrygia, scabiosa, stoebe; Centranthus calcitrapa, ruber; Cephalaria; Cichorium endivia, intybus; Cirsium arvense, acaulon, oleraceum, palustre, vulgare; Cleome spinosa; Cochlearia; Conringia; Coreopsis; Coriandrum sativum; Crambe; Crepis biennis, capillaris, paludosa, praemorsa, tectorum; Cucumis sativus; Cucurbita; Cynara cardunculus, scolymus; Dahlia pinnata; Diplotaxis; Doronicum pardalianches, plantagineum; Dracophalum; Ecballium elaterium; Epilobium; Erechtites; Erigeron canadensis, speciosus; Eruca; Eryngium; Erysimum cheiri; Euonymus europaeus; Eupatorium cannabinum; Euphorbia; Filago; Gaillardia aristata, pulchella; Galega; Galeopsis ladanum, tetrahit; Galinsoga parviflora; Geranium; Gerbera; Glaucium; Glechoma hederacea; Gnaphalium; Helenium autumnale; Helianthus annuus; Heliotropium europaeum; Heliotropium; Heracleum; Hesperis matronalis; Hibiscus trionum; Hieracium lachenalii subsp. cruentifolium. laevigatum, murorum, umbellatum; Hirschfeldia incana; Hydrocotyle vulgaris; Hymenocarpos circinnatus; Hyoscyamus albus, niger; Hypochaeris radicata; Iberis; Inula; Isatis tinctoria; Jasione; Jurinea; Kickxia spuria; Kitaibelia; Knautia arvensis, sylvatica; Lactuca serriola, virosa; Lagenaria siceraria; Lallemantia iberica; Lamium album, amplexicaule, galeobdolon, maculatum, purpureum; Lapsana communis; Lathyrus tingitanus; Leontodon hispidus; Leontopodium; Leonurus cardiaca; Leucanthemum vulgare; Linaria; Linum usitatissimum; Lobelia urens; Luffa; Lupinus angustifolius subsp. reticulatus, polyphyllus, succulentus; Malcolmia maritima; Malva sylvestris; Matthiola odoratissima; Matricaria; Meconopsis; Medicago; Melilotus; Mercurialis; Mimulus; Misopates orontium; Molucella; Moricandia; Myagrum; Mycelis muralis; Nasturtium offcinale; Nemesia versicolor; Nepeta cataria; Nicotiana tabacum; Omphalodes linifolia; Ononis; Papaver bracteatum, fugax, nudicaule, orientale, rupifragum, somniferum; Peltaria; Petunia x hybrida; Phaseolus; Phlox paniculata; Phyteuma spicatum; Picris hieracioides; Pilosella aurantiaca, cymosa, officinarum; Pisum sativum; Plantago; Polemonium caeruleum; Prenanthes purpurea; Primula obconica; Raphanus sativus; Reichardia picroides; Reseda; Ricinus; Rorippa amphibia, palustris, sylvestris; Rudbeckia; Salvia glutinosa; Saponaria; Scabiosa; Scrophularia; Securigera varia; Jacobaea alpina, erucifolia, vulgaris; Senecio nemorensis, sarracenicus, vulgaris; Silene flos-cuculi; Sinapis alba; Sisymbrium officinale; Solanum; Solidago; Sonchus arvensis, asper, oleraceus; Spergularia; Stachys; Stellaria; Succisa;; Symphyotrichum novae-angliae, novi-belgii, Tagetes erecta; Tanacetum corymbosum, parthenium, vulgare; Taraxacum officinale; Teucrium; Thlaspi; Tragopogon; Trigonella; Tropaeolum majus; Tussilago farfara; Vaccaria hispanica; Valeriana officinalis; Valerianella; Verbascum; Verbena officinalis; Veronica hederifolia; Vicia; Viola; Xanthium; Xeranthemum; Xerochrysum bracteatum; Zinnia.

Galeopsis is perhaps the most important hostplant. A record by Stammer of Quercus rubra actually refers to Ectoedemia albifasciella.

phenology

Mines are found from June to October.

BENELUX

BE recorded (De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1991a).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1924a).

LUX recorded (Ellis, several localities).

distribution within Europe

Entire Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

larva

synonyms

Liriomyza pumila (Meigen, 1830); L. violae (Curtis, 1844); L. galeopsios (Hardy, 1853).

notes

Mines of this species on Asteraceae can easily be confused with mines by one of the Ophiomyia species. Their corridors contain little or no frass, and larva and puparium can be found mostly in the utmost base of the hollow midrib

Also Beri (1971d) describes and illustrates the larva, taken from Pisum sativum; however, the accompanying illustration of the mine does not look like the one of L. strigata.

references

Ahr (1966a), Andersen & Jonassen (1994a), Beiger (1955a, 1960a, 1965a, 1970a, 1979a, 1989a), Benavent, Martínez, Moreno & Jiménez (2004a), Beri (1971d), Beuk (2002), De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1991a), Buhr (1932a, 1941b, 1953a, 1964a), Černý (2001a, 2011a), Černý, Barták & Roháček (2004a), Černý & Merz (2005a, 2007a), Černý & Vála (1999a), Černý, Vála & Barták (2001a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Collins (0000a), Csóka (2003a), Darvas, Skuhravá & Andersen (2000a), Dempewoplf (2001a, 2004a), Drăghia (1967a, 1968a, 1970a, 1972a, 1974a), Edmunds (2008b), van Frankenhuyzen, Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gil Ortiz (2009a), Griffiths (1962a), Hering (1930b,d, 1931-32f, 1932e,g, 1936b, 1955b, 1957a, 1963a, 1967a), Huber (1969a), Kabos (1971a), Kvičala (1938a), Maček (1999a), Manning (1956a), Masetti, Lanzoni, Burgio & Süss (2004a), de Meijere (1924a, 1925a, 1939a), Michalska (1970a, 1972a, 1976a, 2003a), Niblett (1956a), Nowakowski (1954a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntyte (2003a), Pârvu (2005a), Pakalniškis (199a, 1998a,c), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1966a, 1968a), Robbins (1991a), Šefrová (2015a), Seidel (1957a), Skala (1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1953a, 1971a, 1972a, 1976a), Stammer (2016a), Starke (1942a), Starý (1930a), Stolnicu (2007a), Surányi (1942a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Ureche (2010a), Utech (1962a), Zlobin (1986b), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a, 1971b).

28/04/2017

pub 28.iv.2017 · mod 25.vii.2017