Liriomyza xanthocera (Czerny in Czerny & Strobl, 1909)

Diptera, Agromyzidae

mine

Upper-surface narrow corridor that later widens, often over the midrib, to an elongated blotch or forms a secondary blotch. The blotch too is upper-surface, but has some characteracteristic full depth spots. Sometimes the blotch has short lateral extensions. Frass in the blotch in numerous thick black grains, discrete or united into short pearl strings. Pupation as a rule outside the mine.

hostplants

widely polyphagous in dicotyledons

Adonis aestivalis; Aethionema; Alcea rosea; Alliaria petiolata; Althaea; Antirrhinum; Arabis; Armoracia rusticana; Barbarea rupicola, vulgaris; Berteroa; Biscutella; Brassica napus, oleracea, rapa; Bunias orientalis; Cakile maritima; Calepina; Camelina; Capparis spinosa; Capsella bursa-pastoris; Centranthus; Chaenorhinum; Cochlearia; Conringia; Coronopus; Cotula coronopifolia; Crambe tatarica; Diplotaxis; Eruca; Erucastrum; Erysimum cheiri, odoratum, perofskianum, repandum; Hesperis; Hibiscus; Hirschfeldia incana; Iberis amara; Isatis tinctoria, undulata; Lallemantia; Lathyrus niger, pratensis; Lens culinaris; Lepidium graminifolium, perfoliatum; Levisticum officinale; Linaria; Linum usitatissimum; Lupinus angustifolius; Malope; Malva sylvestris, trimestris; Matthiola; Medicago sativa; Melilotus; Myagrum; Neslia; Papaver somniferum; Peltaria turkmena; Polemonium; Ranunculus arvensis; Raphanus raphanistrum, sativum; Rapistrum rugosum; Reseda luteola; Roemeria; Saponaria; Sinapis alba; Sisymbrium officinale; Thlaspi; Trigonella foenum-graecum; Tropaeolum majus; Valerianella; Vicia faba, sativa.

Broad bean is the most important hostpant; sometimes considerable damage is caused there (Dempewolf, 2004a; Spencer, 1973b).

Most of the mines on Capparis were abortive (Buhr, 1941b).

phenology

Larvae in May-June, just one generation (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Poland, Germany, Czechia, France, Spain (Fauna Europaea, 2008); Corsica (Buhr, 1941b), Slovenia Maček (1999a).

larva

Described by Hering (1951b, 1960a as crucifericola); rear spiraculum with 3 papillae.

puparium

Yellow (Hering, 1951b, 1960a).

synonyms

Liriomyza infumata (Czerny in Czerny & Strobl, 1909); L. crucifericola (Hering, 1851); Phytobia cisti Spencer, 1960.

references

Beiger (1965a, 1979a, 1989a), Benavent, Martínez, Moreno & Jiménez (2004a), Buhr (1941b, 1953a), Černý & Vála (1996a), Darvas, Skuhravá & Andersen (2000a), Dempewolf (2004a), Hering (1951b, 1955a,b, 1957a, 1960a, 1962a), Huber (1969a), Maček (1999a), Starke (1942a), Spencer (1960a, 1973b)

12/05/2014

pub 28.iv.2017 · mod 28.vi.2017